Sources

Anna Marks

Quotes from an article by Sam F. Elton, The Eureka Reporter, October 25, 1963, p. 7. Photo courtesy Wayne S. Christiansen.

Fanny Brooks

Text and photo courtesy Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. Text from Frontier Reminiscences of Eveline Brooks Auerbach; photo from the Auerbach Family Photograph Collection, Banc Pic 1992.047.

Anna F. Solomon

Text courtesy University of Arizona Library, Special Collections. The Leona G. and David A Bloom Southwest Jewish Archives. Papers of David A and Leona G. Bloom, ca. 1980-1995. Arizona Reference Files ca. 1850-1998.

Fanny Jaffe Sharlip


Text courtesy Western Jewish History Center, Judah L. Magnes Museum, Berkeley, Fanny Jaffe Sharlip Collection. Photo courtesy of YIVO Institute for Jewish Research and Photo Archives, New York, German immigrants on board a ship, from Muftrirte Zeitung, November 30, 1899, R1 Kishin 13 and PO 1240.01.

Mrs. Zelickson

Excerpt from a letter written by Mrs. C. Zelickson, published in the Nor'-West Farmer, March 5, 1925, and reprinted in Anna Feldman, A Woman Of Valour Who Can Find?: Jewish-Saskatchewan Women In Two Rural Settings, 1882-1939, publisher, location, date, pages? and David Debrou and Aileen Moffat eds. Other Voices Historical Essays on Saskatchewan Woman, Canadian Plains Research Center, Regina, 1995. Photo courtesy the Jewish Heritage Centre of Western Canada.

Betty Spiegelberg


Text courtesy New Mexico State Records Center and Archives, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Reminiscences of a Jewish Bride of the Santa Fe Trail, by Flora Spiegelberg, Economic Records: Jewish Merchants. Photo courtesy the Fra Angelico History Library and Photographic Archives, Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe, Betty (Mrs. Levi) Spiegelberg (ca. 1855-60) Neg. No. 90172.

Flora Langerman Spiegelberg

Text courtesy Center For Southwest Research, General Library, University of New Mexico, Collection: Spiegelberg Family Papers.

Rachel Calof

Text from Rikoon, J. Sanford, volume editor, Jewish Homesteader on the Northern Plains, Indian University Press. Photographs courtesy the Calof family.

Courtesy of the Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives,
Rachel Bella Calof, Memoir, "My Story-The Early Years, Homesteading."

Sophie Trupin

Text from Trupin, Sophie, Dakota Diaspora, Memoirs of a Jewish Homesteader, University of Nebraska Press, [location, date? Page numbers?]; Photo courtesy Joella Trupin.

Sarah Thal

Photo of Sarah Thal as it appeared in the American Hebrew, April 3, 1931, v. 128, no. 20.